vickygoestravelling

my journey to health and well being via exotic destinations

Boskovice: town of the Ungar ancestors

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The KaiserHaus, where my grandfather Hermann Ungar was born and the most imposing house in the Jewish quarter

We set off early for Boskovice. The drive takes us through gentle undulating hills, with verdant pine forests adorning the hilltops like crowns. Once off the main road, we pass a cart pulled by two handsome palomino horses with a pony trotting alongside and we are in countryside that looks much as I imagine it would have done in my grandfather’s time. Now there are fields of lavender pyrethrum, green wheat and yellow rape, all contrasting with the azure blue of the sky. It reminds me of Ungar’s story The Brothers which describes such a landscape.

After a quick lunch in the local inn (not in the Jewish quarter so not one of the old family ones) we meet Jaroslav Klenovsky, the leading academic on Jewish synagogues and graveyards who is to be our guide. He talks us through the renovations to the spectacular Boskovice synagogue, only recently restored back to its former 17th and 18th century glory – the beautifully decorated ceilings, with plants, birds, liturgical texts and prayers, all very unusual, were painted by Polish refugees from the pogroms who came here.

These original paintings were only revealed in the 1990s by the restorers as previous orthodox Jews had whitewashed over the sumptuous murals, thinking them too fancy. The synagogue escaped being destroyed by the Nazis as it was used as a store for all the looted Jewish property. There is a memorial to the Boskovice Jews who were deported – including members of the Ungar family –  our great uncle, his wife, their two young boys and our great grandmother.

While at the synagogue the deputy mayor swooshes in with a delegation of senators; sadly she is too stressed by her visitors to pay too much attention to Hermann Ungar’s granddaughters although she immediately begins to chat to me in German. Another time we will make an official delegation, says Julius.

Everywhere are plaques and reminders of our grandfather although the young people we encounter seem to have no idea who he is and there are none of his books in the bookshop named after him, opposite the Kaiserhaus! At least Julius finally manages to find a collection of Ungar prose in Czech, translated by scholar Jaroslav Bransky, whom we visited last time and who remembers playing with our father as a boy. Sadly he is too ill to see us.

But the real highlight of this visit is Bonnie’s news that the Boskovice Torah is now in her synagogue in Bethesda, Maryland. After the war over 1600 Torah scrolls were rescued and brought to Westminster, where they were restored and then distributed throughout the world. The extraordinary coincidence that the Boskovice one ended up in a far-off city where the Ungar diaspora live is uncanny.

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Bonnie showing the booklet on the Boskovice Torah Scroll to Jaroslav Klenovsky (right) and Julius

Bonnie’s son had discovered this at a service where the Torah’s history was revealed in a booklet and it mentioned the name Hermann Ungar. Bonnie had brought this booklet with her and presented it to the caretaker to be displayed alongside other memorabilia including Herman Ungar Snr’s slivovitz jar!

A plot has been hatched for the Rabbi in Bethesda to bring a congregation – and maybe even the Torah – for a visit.  This would be a most memorable outcome for all concerned.

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Gaily-painted houses in the Jewish quarter

After the synagogue we amble through the pretty old  Jewish town, with its cobbled sreets and pastel coloured houses to the cemetery, where luckily Klenovsky is able to point us to the impressive family tombstones: Herman Ungar Snr and his wife Jetty; and his sister Franny Totis. Julius reads us the translated Hebrew inscriptions from the tombstones, both very charming. They were obviously pillars of the community. We were unable to find Marcus Ungar,  Hermann Ungar’s great  grandfather and the first Ungar to get into the distilling business and make the family fortune. Likewise Emil’s grave was not to be found – he died just before the transportations and his grave is unmarked.

Julius had thoughtfully brought us yeast tablets as the hungry ticks that live in the long grasses are averse to it –  tick bite fever is a real danger here.

 

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The restored bath house

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The street leading from the new town to the KaiserHaus, sideways view with red street sign

He left us to return to Prague so Bonnie and I spent a quiet evening in the local old mill converted to a hotel. The next day we wandered around some more, identifying all the houses where our relatives used to live, visiting the Empire chateau where great-great-grandmother Jetty taught the Countess Mensdorff-Pouilly, whose descendants still live there today. There was a bustling market in the new town square, where we bought a few odds and ends, before taking a taxi to the nearby station of Skalice to catch the train back to Prague. Like Swiss trains, it runs bang on time.

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The Mensdorff-Pouilly chateau

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The Popper house which housed a shoe factory until 1935

What I love most about travelling is that, even on re-visiting a place, there is always something new to discover. With the help of Julius and Jaroslav Klenovsky we added more stitches to our family tapestry.

Author: vickyunwin

I am a writer and traveller. Our darling daughter Louise died on 2 March 2011, aged 21 (www.louisecattell.com) and I started writing as therapy. We never know how long we have on this earth, so I live for every day...in November 2013 I was diagnosed and operated on for a malignant soft tissue sarcoma in the calf, followed by 6.5 weeks of radiotherapy, so am embarking on a different kind of journey which you can follow here. I also have another site www.healthylivingwithcancer.co with my blueprint for health and well-being. My husband works in Switzerland so we flit from place to place anywhere else that takes our fancy

6 thoughts on “Boskovice: town of the Ungar ancestors

  1. Touching and beautifully written. Really enjoying your travels Vicky!

  2. Great fun and moving. Such good writing!

  3. Just to add a bit of info, the Czech scrolls were brought to the UK by the initiative of a businessman called Eric Estorick. Eric Estorick was born in New York of Jewish parentage, in 1913. He took a PhD in sociology at New York University and was appointed instructor at Columbia University. During the Second World War he became head of the British Empire Division of the United States Broadcast Intelligence Service. After the war he brought out the Torahs seized by the Nazis in Czechoslovakia. He wrote The Changing Empire in 1950, a privately printed History of Marks and Spencer, to whom he was asupplier, and an unpublished novel in collaboration with Dora (wife of Bertrand) Russell.

    Another Czech scroll is in the possession of my synagogue, Radlett Reform. We took the scroll back to the village source some years ago, Ceske Budejovice, where the town mounted a commemoration event in honour of its lost – murdered- Jewish community

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